Kelvin certainly doesn’t have it easy in this online game about farm animals. Getting eggs and milk ready for market has two stages. The first is production, which is about taking care of the animals—the hens and cows—so they produce reliable supplies of eggs and milk. This means feeding the animals, providing them with fresh water, and cleaning their stalls or coops - all essential parts of raising farm livestock.
Some things to know about regarding hens and eggs, if a farmer wants to produce free-range eggs, he must let his hens roam outside and eat outside vegetation. If he wants to produce the healthy Omega-3 enriched type of eggs, he must feed his hens a special diet enriched with flax seed and canola. Cows, on the other hand, only produce one kind of milk, so that makes things easier.
After the hens and cows have produced the eggs and milk, it’s time for the processing stage, which prepares the products for market. The eggs are washed and graded. Grading involves weighing the eggs and checking them for defects. Only Grade A eggs—eggs with no defects—are packaged for sale. Sometimes they are processed into powdered or liquid forms.
Milk is processed by first separating the cream (fat) from the milk, using a spinning process. Then the right amount of fat is added back to make the different types of milk like “skim milk” and “2% milk.” The milk is then pasteurized. This process heats the milk to a temperature that kills any bacteria. Then the milk is homogenized. This process mixes the fat into the milk to make a smooth mixture. Vitamins are often added, and the milk is packaged and shipped into stores.